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Cambodia Facts

  1. Main Language: Khmer
  2. Main Religion: Buddhism (Theravada)
  3. Population: 14.8 million (UN, 2005)
  4. Ethnic group: Khmer, Vietnamese and Chinese minorities
  5. Monetary unit : riel
  6. Climate: Tropical humid climate. Rainy (monsoon) season: May to Octomber. Dry season: November to April
  7. Cities: Capital--Phnom Penh (pop. 1.3 million), Battambang, Siem Reap, Sihanoukville, Prey Veng, Kompong Cham.
  8. Terrain: Central plain drained by the Tonle Sap (Great Lake) and Mekong and Bassac Rivers. Forests away from the rivers and the lake, mountains in the southwest (Cardamom Mountains) and north (Dangrek Mountains) along the border with Thailand.
  9. Area:181,035 sq km (69,898 sqmiles); Water 2.5%
  10. Border counties: Laos 541 km, Thailand 803 km, Vietnam 1,228km
  11. Coastline: 443 km
  12. Independence : November 9, 1953
  13. Per capita GDP: $830 (2010 Est.)
  14. Annual growth rate: 5.9% (2010 est.)
  15. Natural resources: Timber, gemstones, some iron ore, manganese and phosphate, hydroelectric potential from the Mekong River, unknown quantities of oil, gas, and bauxite.
  16. Agriculture (33.4% of GDP, 2009): About 4,848,000 hectares (12 million acres) are unforested land; all are arable with irrigation, but 2.7 million hectares are cultivated.
  17. Products--rice, rubber, corn, meat, vegetables, dairy products, sugar, flour.
  18. Industry (21.4% of GDP, 2009.): Types--garment and shoe manufacturing, rice milling, tobacco, fisheries and fishing, wood and wood products, textiles, cement, some rubber production, paper and food processing.
  19. Services (39.8% of GDP, 2009.): Tourism, telecommunications, transportation, and construction.
  20. Central government budget (2010 est.): Revenues--$1.5 billion; expenditures--$2.2 billion; foreign financing--$825 million.
  21. Trade: Exports ($4.68 billion, 20010 est.)--garments, shoes, rice, cigarettes, natural rubber, pepper, wood, fish. Major partners--United States, Germany, U.K., Singapore, Japan, Vietnam. Imports ($6.38 billion, 2010 est.)--fuels, cigarettes, vehicles, consumer goods, machinery. Major partners--Thailand, Singapore, China, Hong Kong, Vietnam, Taiwan, United States.
  22. Economic aid received: $989 million in grants or concessional loans were disbursed in 2009. Major donors--Asian Development Bank (ADB), UN Development Program (UNDP), World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Australia, Canada, China, Denmark, the EU, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Sweden, Thailand, the U.K., and the U.S.
  23. Principal foreign commercial investors: Korea, China, Russia, Thailand, the U.S., and Vietnam.
  24. Major Exports : Garments, Fisheries Products, Rubber
  25. Major Exports Trading Countries: United States, Germany, UK, Singapore, Japan
  26. Major Imports: Petroleum products, construction materials, vehicles and motorcycles, clothing
  27. Major Import Tading Countries: Thailand, Singapore, Hong Kong, China, South Korea
  28. Exchange rate (2010): 4,064 riel per U.S. $1.
  29. Internet domain: kh
  30. Internet dialing code:+855
  31. Electricity: 220V AC 50 Hz
  32. Driving : Right hand side; International Driving Permit required
  33. Direct Flight: From Bangkok, Taipei, Hong Kong, Singapore, Ho Chi Minh City, Vientiane, Kuala Lumpur and Guangzhou
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